Purchasing Resources

Approaches for measuring and tracking GHG reductions in the supply chain and results from puchasing changes.

Asphalt
Example specifications

City of Eugene: See Part 00700, Section 00744, for paving specifications.

City of Eugene
Example specifications

City of Eugene: See Part 00700, Section 00744, for paving specifications.

Oregon Department of Transportation
Asphalt Pavement Association of Oregon
Warm Mix Asphalt
National Asphalt Pavement Association
CFPT, Food
Carbon Trust Food Preparation and Catering

According to Carbon Trust, catering operations waste large amounts of energy, primarily by dispersing wasted energy into the kitchen as heat. The guide suggests a range of technologies and actions to produce energy savings: cooking, washing and refrigeration equipment; heating, ventilation and lighting, and energy management and employee training. 

Carbon Trust Food Preparation and Catering
Oregon Department of Environmental Quality – Drinking Water

Drinking Water: A Comparison of Bottled and Tap Water Using Life Cycle Analysis. DEQ commissioned a study that compares a wide range of environmental impacts (including greenhouse gas emissions) of drinking water from the tap, 5-gallon reusables, and single-use bottles. The study illustrates the far greater benefits of waste prevention (drinking from the tap and use of reusable drinking containers) over recycling single-use bottles. It also illustrates where long-distance transport may dominate in the life-cycle of a product such as bottle water and touches on concerns about degradable plastics.  

Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
Oregon Department of Environmental Quality – Food Waste

DEQ commissioned a project to assess the environmental impacts of the four most common food waste processing technologies to help inform the direction that would be best for the state to follow as food waste recovery programs begin to expand across Oregon.  The study involved research of existing published articles and gathering of data sources to evaluate and compare the life cycle impacts of landfilling, sink disposal to sewer treatment, aerobic composting, and anaerobic digestion. 

Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
The Energy Star Guide for Restaurants
The Food Technology Center

The Food Technology Center, funded by Pacific Gas & Electric, provides energy efficiency and appliance performance testing as a resource for commercial kitchens

The Food Technology Center
Carbon Trust Food Preparation and Catering

According to Carbon Trust, catering operations waste large amounts of energy, primarily by dispersing wasted energy into the kitchen as heat. The guide suggests a range of technologies and actions to produce energy savings: cooking, washing and refrigeration equipment; heating, ventilation and lighting, and energy management and employee training. 

Carbon Trust Food Preparation and Catering
Oregon Department of Environmental Quality – Drinking Water

Drinking Water: A Comparison of Bottled and Tap Water Using Life Cycle Analysis. DEQ commissioned a study that compares a wide range of environmental impacts (including greenhouse gas emissions) of drinking water from the tap, 5-gallon reusables, and single-use bottles. The study illustrates the far greater benefits of waste prevention (drinking from the tap and use of reusable drinking containers) over recycling single-use bottles. It also illustrates where long-distance transport may dominate in the life-cycle of a product such as bottle water and touches on concerns about degradable plastics.  

Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
Oregon Department of Environmental Quality – Food Waste

DEQ commissioned a project to assess the environmental impacts of the four most common food waste processing technologies to help inform the direction that would be best for the state to follow as food waste recovery programs begin to expand across Oregon.  The study involved research of existing published articles and gathering of data sources to evaluate and compare the life cycle impacts of landfilling, sink disposal to sewer treatment, aerobic composting, and anaerobic digestion. 

Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
The Energy Star Guide for Restaurants
The Food Technology Center

The Food Technology Center, funded by Pacific Gas & Electric, provides energy efficiency and appliance performance testing as a resource for commercial kitchens

The Food Technology Center
Diesel Fuels
City of Seattle
City of Portland
Association of Equipment Manufacturers (AEM's) implementation of EPA's nonroad diesel regulation

https://www.aem.org/SRT/Regulatory/Tier4/
California Air Resources Board

In 2007, CARB passed the Off-Road regulation to reduce emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and particulate matter (PM) from off-road diesel vehicles operating within California. The Off-Road regulation imposes, among other requirements, limits on idling, requires a written idling policy, restricts the adding of older vehicles into fleets starting on January 1, 2014; and requires fleets to reduce their emissions by retiring, replacing, or repowering older engines, or installing Verified Diesel Emission Control Strategies, VDECS (i.e., exhaust retrofits). 

http://www.arb.ca.gov/msprog/ordiesel/faq/overview_fact_sheet_dec_2010-final.pdf
California Air Resources Board

In 2007, CARB passed the Off-Road regulation to reduce emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and particulate matter (PM) from off-road diesel vehicles operating within California. The Off-Road regulation imposes, among other requirements, limits on idling, requires a written idling policy, restricts the adding of older vehicles into fleets starting on January 1, 2014; and requires fleets to reduce their emissions by retiring, replacing, or repowering older engines, or installing Verified Diesel Emission Control Strategies, VDECS (i.e., exhaust retrofits). 

http://www.arb.ca.gov/msprog/msprog.htm
City of Chicago

Passed in 2011, Chicago’s Clean Diesel Construction ordinance bans pre-Tier 1 vehicles from City of Chicago construction sites, unless such vehicles use particulate filters.  The ordinance also applies a scoring system to contractors’ vehicles based on engine model year, use of a diesel emission control retrofit device, fuel type, and other factors.  Chicago applies minimum clean fleet scores to its construction contractors; the minimum score established for 2014 increases in 2017 and again in 2020. 

http://www.cityofchicago.org/city/en/progs/env/clean-diesel.html
City of Philadelphia

Pursuant to Executive Order 1-07, construction contractors must minimize idling and use retrofits or vehicles meeting the Tier 4 emissions standard.

http://www.phila.gov/health/pdfs/CleanDieselFactSheet71213.pdf
City of Philadelphia

Pursuant to Executive Order 1-07, construction contractors must minimize idling and use retrofits or vehicles meeting the Tier 4 emissions standard.

http://www.phila.gov/health/pdfs/Diesel_engine_emissions_controls_71013.pdf
Clean Air Task Force

http://www.catf.us/
Columbia University

Developed stringent contract specification to limit diesel emissions on construction sites in 2011.   

http://manhattanville.columbia.edu/construction
Cook County's Green Construction Ordinance

Adopted in 2009, contractors must install Level 3 verified PM retrofits (minimum 85% reduction in diesel PM) on any on-road or off-road engines used in publicly funded projects or insure that the engine out emissions for PM are equal to or less than 0.01 g/bhp-hr. 

http://www.suffredin.org/legislativelibrary/Legislation.asp?LegislationID=475&Li...
Emissions Standards for Nonroad Diesel Engines

https://www.dieselnet.com/standards/us/nonroad.php
EPA's Mobile Sources
EPA Fact Sheet - Diesel Exhaust in the US
Non-road Diesel Engine, Vehicle and Equipment Information
Clean diesel fuel program information
EPA Sector Report on Reducing GHG Emissions from the Construction Sector (2009)

EPA Sector Report on Reducing GHG Emissions from the Construction Sector (2009)
FleetSmart, Natural Resources of Canada

Information, training and tools to improve driver and operator handling of heavy duty trucks with the goal to reduce fuel consumption.

http://www.nrcan.gc.ca/energy/efficiency/transportation/commercial-vehicles/flee...
Flexibility Provisions in 2014

Flexibility Provisions in 2014 amendments to EPA's nonroad diesel engine regulation

https://www.whdlaw.com/ArticleDetail.aspx?ID=1988
Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (LACMTA) Green Construction Policy

The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (LACMTA) will only use greener, less polluting construction equipment and vehicles; and implement best practices to meet or exceed air quality emission standards in all construction projects performed on LACMTA properties and rights-of-way.

http://media.metro.net/projects_studies/sustainability/images/Green_Construction...
New Jersey Executive Order 60

Signed in 2011, this directive requires that construction equipment meet the Tier 4 emissions standard.

http://www.nj.gov/dep/stopthesoot/eoi.htm
New York City

NYC Local Law 77 implementation report published in 2004

Local Law 77 (December 2003) mandates the use of ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel and best available technology (BAT) by non-road construction equipment on all city construction contracts. 

http://www.nyc.gov/html/dep/pdf/local_law_77.pdf
New York City

NYC Local Law 77 implementation report published in 2004

Local Law 77 (December 2003) mandates the use of ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel and best available technology (BAT) by non-road construction equipment on all city construction contracts. 

http://www.nyc.gov/html/ddc/downloads/pdf/lowsulfur.pdf
Non-Road Diesel Emission Reduction Study (2003, Washington Department of Ecology)

http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/air/cars/diesel_exhaust_information.htm
NYC Local Law 77 implementation report (2004)
Puget Sound Clean Air Agency

http://www.pscleanair.org/priorities/transportation/dieselsolutions/Pages/off-ro...
State of Illinois – Executive Order 09-11 (2009)

Only to the extent permissible under any applicable Federal or State law or regulation, all State-funded road construction contracts for areas that are in non-attainment with the federal 8-hour ozone standard or the particulate matter (PM) 2.5 standard for air quality are required to use clean construction practices. These include, where feasible: idling limitations, use of ultra-low sulfur diesel, erosion control, dust control, and on all off-road vehicles the installation of a verified diesel emission control device that achieves a particulate matter emission reduction of 50 percent or more from uncontrolled engine emission levels.

https://www.illinois.gov/Government/ExecOrders/Documents/2009/execorder2009-11.p...
Reducing Air Emissions from Diesel Construction Engines
Diesel Engine Retrofits in the Construction Industry: A How To Guide (2008)
State of Massachusetts Department of Transportation

Developed a diesel retrofit specification in 2005 that has been included in all Highway Division contracts advertised for bid.   As of 2014, the retrofit specification requirements also extend to all State Revolving Fund projects. 

http://www.mhd.state.ma.us/default.asp?pgid=content/publications_diesel_spec&sid...
The Carbon Dioxide-Equivalent Benefits of Reducing Black Carbon Emissions from U.S. Class 8 Trucks Using Diesel Particulate Filters: A Preliminary Analysis

(Clean Air Center, 2009)

The Carbon Dioxide-Equivalent Benefits of Reducing Black Carbon Emissions from U.S. Class 8 Trucks Using Diesel Particulate Filters: A Preliminary Analysis
The West Coast Collaborative

http://www.westcoastcollaborative.org/
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center

Implemented a contract specification that requires all new and used construction equipment to meet Tier 4 emissions standard.  

http://dieselcleanup.org/downloads/Clean%20Construction%20Policy%20-%20Universit...
US Green Building Council (USGBC) LEED Green Construction Credit

The Council created a clean construction pilot credit that can be used for LEED (Twenty four projects in 12 states and 3 countries outside the U.S. are using this protocol to date.). This credit provides a framework for projects to develop and implement a plan to reduce particulate matter (PM) emissions from non-road diesel engines, equipment and vehicles used during construction projects.  

http://www.usgbc.org/credits/sspc75